At the heart of permaculture is the idea of creating sustainable human habitats that are in alignment with nature. The system entails maximizing your garden's output to meet as many needs as possible.
Permaculture is not only wallet-friendly; it is also supports sustainable living, which is good for our environment. Here’s a quick guide we suggest you on how to get started:
Survey and understand your garden
Intimately knowing our garden is important to our success on this permaculture journey. We need to take our time to consider factors such as the amount of rainfall, light, and wind our garden is exposed to.
Learning about our garden will allow us to make good decisions about appropriate plants and the best locations to grow them, as well as where to place each component of the garden.
The layout will depend on what we want in our garden and how these different things will interact with each other. The rule of thumb is to ensure that each aspect of the garden is benefiting from one or more aspects to ensure a self-sustaining garden. Here are our advises you should follow for a successful permaculture:
Divide your space up
Dividing up your space will save you a large amount of hassling and time. Working in small sections is just less overwhelming—you can identify where to place each element to ensure maximum symbiosis. This method also simplifies your work and ensures that each aspect of the garden receives attention.
Go for diversity with your plants
The whole idea of permaculture is to emulate nature—nature espouses diversity and your garden should too. Go out and select a diverse range of local plants that complement each other. It is important to stick as much as possible to native plants because these thrive naturally in your particular area.
Given that permaculture is mostly done in urban areas, it is likely that the space you have is limited but the entire idea is to make smart use of this space.
In nature, you might have noticed that plants grow in a way that is mutually beneficial and almost as if in layers. Some plants grown beneath the ground, others crawl the ground, others rise slightly above the ground, and others grow far from the ground.
Utilize this layered approach to make maximum use of your space. Think about how each plant might benefit the other and then cultivate them from this premise. This approach will allow you to emulate nature as much as possible.
Protect the soil
In nature, plants grow without any need to dig up the ground and this should be the case with your permaculture garden. Digging can destroy the soil structure and damage the microorganisms that keep the soil rich.
Instead of using a spade, simply line the ground with cardboard or black plastic, layer this with compost, dig holes into the ground to allow the plants to reach the soil and then plant the crops into the compost.
The only time you can break this rule is if your soil is already poor and needs additional nutrients. You can dig up the soil once and add compost before start planting.
Eradicate pests naturally
As much as pests may be a problem especially in the early stages of starting the garden, avoid using any chemicals to remove pests. Careful observation will reveal the types of pests in your garden and their natural predators.
In permaculture, the most appropriate way to eradicate pests is through introducing their natural predators. This not only improves biodiversity in your garden; it also eliminates the need to use harmful pesticides that could easily damage the entire garden.
Starting a permaculture garden can be an exciting time especially if you are just switching to a sustainable lifestyle. To succeed with your project, take it step by step; finish with one area of the garden before moving to the next. Take your time to understand the needs of your garden before embarking on this journey!